What is CBG?

Cannabis is an extremely complex and fascinating plant. By now, I'm sure you are aware of the two most abundant cannabis compounds, CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), but did you know there are over 400 compounds found in cannabis, with over a hundred of these in a class called cannabinoids?

In this article we are going to shine a spotlight on one of the lesser known cannabinoids, CBG. Although CBG is classed as a minor cannabinoid, it actually plays a rather major role within the cannabis plant, and it offers many wellness benefits. We believe it deserves more attention. So, what is CBG and how does it work?

What does CBG stand for?

CBG stands for Cannabigerol. It is a cannabinoid (cannabis compound). In fact, you may be surprised to learn that CBG is actually the parent of both CBD and THC. Without this wonderful compound, CBD and THC wouldn’t exist.

CBG can be thought of as the 'mother cannabinoid' to other cannabinoids. It’s basically a building block on which several other cannabinoids depend. All cannabinoids start their life as CBGA (the acidic, inactive form of CBG). As the cannabis plant grows, CBGA changes, is broken down, and becomes the base molecule that other cannabinoids form from - it is converted to CBDA, THCA, and CBCA. These compounds are often referred to as 'raw' cannabinoids. Once heated, CBDA, THCA and CBGA become the cannabinoids we are most familiar with; CBD, THC and CBG.

Each cannabinoid has a slightly different makeup and slightly different effects. While THC causes psychoactive and intoxicating effects, CBD and CBGcan support our health, without the 'high'. The other 100+ cannabinoids all do different things, too.

CBG is safe to consume even at high doses.